SCOTUS: Padilla does not apply retroactively

by | Feb 22, 2013 | Firm News |

This week, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Chaidez v. United States, holding that the much-lauded 2010 case Padilla v. Kentucky cannot be applied retroactively. Padilla held that the failure of criminal defense attorneys to advise their noncitizen clients of the immigration consequences associated with taking a guilty plea violated their Constitutional rights. Therefore, it became possible for noncitizens facing deportation to overturn their convictions or any resulting removal order.

One issue that has led to widespread litigation is whether Padilla applies retroactively. In other words, can noncitizens whose criminal convictions were final before Padilla was decided still benefit from the rule? The U.S. Supreme Court has now said that they cannot. This means that individuals whose criminal convictions became final before March 31, 2010, the date Padilla was decided, cannot challenge their removal orders or underlying convictions, even if they were not properly advised about the immigration consequences of their pleas.

In Chaidez, the Court applied the “Teague test” for retroactivity, holding that Padilla could not be applied retroactively because despite being grounded in the Sixth Amendment, the decision “imposed a new obligation on the government.” Specifically, the Court found that Ms. Chaidez, a lawful permanent resident of the United States for over thirty-five years, could not overturn her 2004 conviction for federal mail fraud, a removable offense, despite the fact that her attorney never told her that her guilty plea would subject her to deportation. Although Ms. Chaidez subsequently moved the Court to overturn her conviction based on ineffective assistance of counsel, because her conviction had become final five years earlier, she could not use Padilla to overturn it.

While the Chaidez decision is serious and will negatively impact many immigrants who are depending on Padilla to overturn their convictions, there is still some hope. There are separate state protections that will still consider an attorney’s failure to advise noncitizens on the immigration consequences of their pleas to be ineffective assistance of counsel. Thus, many individuals with final convictions before March 31, 2010 may still be able to overturn their convictions under state law.

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Big News- Firm Merger and Consolidation to Oakland!

Bean + Lloyd, LLP and Park & Taylor has formed Bean, Lloyd, Mukherji, & Taylor, LLP

San Francisco Office has Moved to Join Oakland Office

We are thrilled to announce the merger of Bean + Lloyd, LLP and Park & Taylor, two highly respected Bay Area immigration law firms, which took place in April 2021. The new firm, Bean, Lloyd, Mukherji, & Taylor, LLP, combines decades of immigration experience in the subfields of family-based immigration, removal defense, asylum, humanitarian visas, and criminal immigration.

Additionally, the former Park & Taylor office in San Francisco has moved to join the Oakland office at 110 11th Street, Oakland, CA 94607. While the office is temporarily closed to the public due to COVID-19, our staff is still available by phone, email, and text message, and all consultations and client appointments will continue by phone or video. We look forward to physically reopening our expanded and improved Oakland office when it is safe to do so.

Partners Jesse Lloyd and Anita Mukherji, both certified specialists in immigration and nationality law by the California State Bar, lead the firm. Karyn Taylor has joined as Of Counsel, and Angela Bean remains as partner and Anna von Herrmann as Of Counsel. The Park & Taylor staff have brought their two decades of experience to the team.

Please contact us at (510) 433-1900 or with any inquiries.

¡Anuncio importante- Unión y Consolidación de Dos Bufetes! Bean + Lloyd, LLP y Park & Taylor han Formado Bean, Lloyd, Mukherji, & Taylor, LLP

La oficina de Park & Taylor se ha mudado para unirse a la oficina de Oakland

Estamos emocionados de anunciar la unión entre Bean + Lloyd, LLP y Park & Taylor, dos bufetes de inmigración muy respetados en el Área de la Bahía, lo cual ocurrió en abril del 2021. El bufete nuevo, Bean, Lloyd, Mukherji, & Taylor, LLP, combina décadas de experiencia en inmigración familiar, defensa de deportación, asilo, visas humanitarias, e inmigración criminal.

Además, la antigua oficina de Park & Taylor en San Francisco se ha mudado para unirse a la oficina de Oakland en 110 11th Street, Oakland, CA 94607. Nuestra oficina está temporalmente cerrada al público debido a COVID-19. Nuestro personal seguirá estando disponible por teléfono, correo electrónico y texto. Todas las consultas y citas de clientes, continuarán por teléfono o videollamada. Estamos emocionados para reabrir físicamente nuestra ampliada y mejorada oficina de Oakland cuando sea seguro hacerlo.

Los socios Jesse Lloyd y Anita Mukherji, dos especialistas certificados en ley de inmigración y nacionalidad por la Barra del Estado de California, dirigen el bufete. Karyn Taylor es abogada retirada pero se ha unido al bufete, Angela Bean permanece como socia y Anna von Herrmann sigue siendo parte del bufete. El personal de Park & Taylor ha compartido sus dos décadas de experiencia con el equipo.

Por favor contáctenos al (510) 433-1900 o con sus preguntas.

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